Introduction Of Physiotherapy/Physical Therapy

Physiotherapy or physical therapy word used in terms of health care profession concerned with human function and movement and maximizing physical potential through physical examination,diagnosis,prognosis,physical intervention,rehabilitation and patient education.It is practiced by physical therapists known as PHYSIOTHERAPISTS in many countries.

Definition:

  • Physical therapy is concerned with identifying and maximizing quality of life and movement potential within the spheres of promotion, prevention, treatment/ intervention and rehabilitation- by world confederation physical therapists
  • Physiotherapists are experts in developing and maintaining people’s ability to move and function throughout their lives- by world confederation physical therapist

History

Physicians like Hippocrates and later Galen are the first practitioners of physical therapy.They used massage, hydrotherapy, manual techniques to treat people. Afterwords machines like gymnastic were introduced to treat gout and similar diseases.

The early documentation of physical therapy as professional group date back to Per Henrik Ling, “Father of Swedish Gymnastics” who founded the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics in 1813 for manipulation and exercise.In 1887 PT’s were given official registration by Sweden’s national board of health and welfare.

Modern physical therapy was established in the end of the 19th century.The first physical therapy research was published in united states in march 1921 “The PT Review”.In the late 1950’s, physical therapist started to move beyond hospital-based practice to out patient.

clinical areas:

  • MSK /Ortho
  • Cardiopulmonary
  • Neurology
  • Paediatrics
  • Sports medicine
  • Rheumatology
  • Geriatrics
  • Medical conditions
  • Pain
  • Women’s health
  • Oncology
  • Extended scope
  • Public health

Curricula for the physical therapist assistant associate degree include:

  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Exercise physiology
  • Human biology
  • Physics
  • Bio-mechanics
  • Kinesiology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical pathology
  • Behavioral science
  • Communication
  • Ethics
  • Research
  • other coursework as required by individual programs.

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